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World Food Supply and Biodiversity

Dr Peter H. Raven,
Dr Norman E. Borlaug,
Professor J. Perry Gustafson
Summary The current world population of around seven billion is projected to reach nine billion in forty years or less. The UN projects agricultural output will need to increase by 70% just to maintain current dietary standards – which includes more than one billion malnourished people. Current agricultural production is increasing at a rate insufficient to reach the goal set by the 2009 World Summit on Food Security to reduce by one half the number of malnourished people in the world by …


Developing contract farming systems in Uganda

Terefe Ademetegn Lemma,
Dr Wilberforce Kisamba-Mugerwa
Introduction Collective action remains the only effective means deployed by smallholder farmers in Uganda to have access to markets and reduce transaction costs. These have varied from cooperative societies to various forms of farmer groups in an effort to have access to farm inputs, markets and processes. However, weak institutions, political interference and internal inefficiencies weakened the cooperative movement and it was left highly stigmatised among the potential farmer co- …