Submission Instructions

Unbiased independent, reliable evidence on agriculture in the environment

A peer-reviewed, open access, on-line journal to discuss problems confronting world agriculture and food security. Articles are based upon scientifically derived evidence and directed towards opinion formers, decision makers and practitioners. It will accept suitable articles on the climatic, ecological, economic and social interactions affecting agriculture, agroforestry, fisheries and horticulture.

Submission process

Authors wishing to submit a paper should complete the form on the submit page [URL to submit] or send a short summary in English to the Managing Editor If the idea is accepted, papers should use MS Word, formatted to A4 with justified text and 12 pt Cambria font. Authors’ names, qualifications, honours and affiliations should be included and submission will assume that the author accepts the conditions laid down in these Instructions and that copyright is held by World Agriculture.

Upon receipt, articles will be sent to an editor with the relevant expertise for review. If accepted, the Editor reserves the right to modify statements made by the author, or to ask for a revision, although the edited version will be sent to the senior author for his or her agreement before publication. It is essential that authors respond quickly and reliably to requests for amendments, otherwise publication will be delayed.

Each article will be accessed from the website front page.  Authors are responsible for selection of a photograph which will be used as the icon linking to their article.

Comments & Opinion and Letters to the Editor will be considered for publication.  These should be concise and comment on published articles, or on important subjects that have not been covered.

Articles will be converted to pdf and uploaded to the website as soon as an agreed version has been finalised.

Instructions to Contributors


Authors should take a critical approach and advance new concepts or novel interpretations of world-wide issues.  Statements of fact must be based on peer-reviewed evidence for which the reference must be given.  The Journal is not available for communication of previously unpublished experimental work, although original deductions from existing information are welcome. Statements must be based on sound evidence and all arguments must be rational and logically derived.  Papers should not exceed 2000 words.  Use of photographs and diagrammatic data is encouraged.  

Articles will be indexed by consecutive numbers with a four digit code representing the year and paper number as yynn.


SI units and British English must be used, the spelling being generally that of the Concise Oxford Dictionary, 9th Ed, so that words such as fertiliser should use ‘ise’ rather than the American ‘ize’ spelling.  

Billion should be expressed as thousand million (e.g. a billion hectares as 1 000 Mha) although the SI expression Gha is acceptable. Concentrations and rates of application should be clearly expressed and unambiguous, using, for example, mg/litre, or mg/L, mg/kg (not ppm).  

Always use numerals for specific units of measurement (e.g. 14 m, 2 d, 3 wk). For other quantities up to and including nine, spell out in full (e.g. four plots, two experiments, nine larvae). Use numerals in all instances for ten or over (e.g. 20 fields).  Large numbers should be separated by spaces every 000, rather than by use of a comma, e.g., 10 000.


Cambria 12 point for normal text; Verdana for headings.  These fonts were designed for internet use.


Standard abbreviations (e.g. Fig. and Figs) are acceptable, but specialist abbreviations and terms should be defined in a short Glossary, immediately beneath the Abstract.  Full stops are not used for commonly accepted abbreviations (e.g., USA, UK) or when an abbreviated word ends with the same letter as the complete word (e.g., Florida as FA or ca for circa) but are used when the abbreviation ends with a different letter as cv. for cultivar.  Latin terms such as circa should be italicised, for which ca is the abbreviation.   Year may be abbreviated to ‘yr’.


Currency references should use the standard international abbreviations, although US$, € and £ are acceptable for US dollars, Euro and GB £ respectively. Wherever possible financial details should be quoted in one of these currencies, although where this is not possible a standard list of abbreviations is available at <> accessed March 2011.


The full Latin name of an organism should be given at the first mention, e.g. Heterodera avenae; an abbreviated name of the organism may be used for subsequent mentions, e.g. H. avenae.  Names should follow the appropriate international codes for nomenclature. Naturally occurring infraspecific variants should be described as varieties, as for example Medicago polymorpha var hispida and where used repeatedly in the text variety may be abbreviated to var. or vars.  The word cultivar should be restricted to forms in cultivation and which need to be propagated either by seed or vegetative means only and can be abbreviated to cv. or cvs in the text.  Named cultivars should be in normal, i.e. not italicised font as for example Taxus baccata ‘Variegata’ or Taxus baccata cv Variegata. 


  • Hyphens should be avoided if possible, for example use ‘cooperate’ rather than co-operate’.
  • Standard deviations, standard errors of the means and “n”, the number of observations associated with each mean, should all be presented in tabular data when appropriate. Levels of significance should also be noted.
  • Where authors need to reproduce information protected by copyright they must obtain permission to reproduce the item before the article is published in World Agriculture.
  • A Glossary should be included beneath the abstract where specialist terms are defined and whenever possible a URL should link the first use of each such phrase to the definition.
  • Commercial chemicals should be referred to by their approved common names, but where a proprietary name is relevant and unavoidable it should be used with a capital initial letter and the manufacturer named at the first mention.
  • Dates should be expressed as day, month, year, as for example, 18th May 2010.


Sequence of headings


Approximately 250 words to provide a concise, accurate summary of the subject covered and the conclusions drawn.   Bullets points may be used to improve comprehension. 

What this article adds or Proposed changes to policy

Below the abstract provide a synopsis of about 100 words to explain:

  • Why the article is important, what it shows and how it affects current views; 
  • Key questions posed by the article;
  • Proposed policy changes;

Glossary and unusual abbreviations

How to cite the article

Immediately above the Introduction insert the phrase - This article should be cited as: Author (yyyy).  Title. World Agriculture yynn <>


Authors should identify one or more of the following categories to identify the subject area to facilitate searches: 

  • Biodiversity and environment
  • Climate
  • Crops
  • Food and nutrition
  • Genetics
  • Livestock
  • Social and economics

These will be used to categorise the article for searches and will not be included in the publication.


This should set out the background to the subject and why the review or work discussed was done.

Body of article

Describe what was done, how and why in sections each of which is headed by terms defined by the nature of the paper, for example: Review of evidence, Present situation, Problems and Resolution

Discussion or Conclusions

The paper should conclude with a section to put the information into context and identify what else may need to be done and why.


All references in the text should be given as superscript numbers, although the author(s) name may also be given, if helpful. References should be numbered sequentially in the order in which they appear, from 1 with all subsequent references to the same paper using the same number.  Where more than one paper is cited for a particular comment, the numbers should be listed in numerical order and separated by commas. 

Each reference cited in the text should be hyperlinked to the relevant number in the list of references in the Reference Section, where papers should be listed in numerical order using the Harvard system:

  1. Anon (yyyy). Web page title. <http://www.organisation/page/file_or_other_address>  accessed dd mmm yyyy., DOI
  2. Klass, D W (ed.) (1979). Current practice of clinical electroencephalography. New York, Raven Press, 1979 ISBN n nn nnn nnn nnn.
  3. Organisation (yyyy). Web page title. <http://www.organisation/page/file_or_other_address> accessed dd mmm yyyy.
  4. Regan, D & Smith, A (1979). Electrical responses evoked from the human brain. Scientific American, 241, 134-52.
  5. Smil, V (2011). Nitrogen cycle and world food production. World Agriculture, 2 (1) 9-13.
  6. Blogs, P (2010). Personal communication.
  7. Baggins, B (1991). Title of paper. In: Proceedings of Whatever Conference--- (ed., R.E. Blogs), Name of sponsor or organiser, USA, 6-8 June 1991, pp.91-4

Whenever possible each reference should by hyperlinked to the original article or website.  When a reference includes an issue number include the volume number in bold and the issue number in brackets, between the volume and the first and last page numbers.  

Template Download

Click here to download the submission template.